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Gentile Times

Luke 21:24 "Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the TIMES OF THE GENTILES be fulfilled."

The "Times of the Gentiles" applies to that interval of history between the removal of the typical Kingdom of God, the Kingdom of Israel, and the introduction and establishment of the true Kingdom of God, under Christ.

During this period of Gentile rule were four world empires: Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece, and Rome. The empires are pictured by an Image in Nebuchadnezzar's dream and by four beasts in Daniel's dream.

Dan. 2:31 "Thou, O king, sawest; and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof was terrible."

Dan. 7:2,3 "Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea. And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another."

Head - Lion = Babylon

Dan. 2:32 "This image's head was of fine gold..."

Dan. 2:38 "Thou art this head of gold."

Dan. 7:4 "The first was like a lion and had eagle's wings. I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it."

Gold = King of metals.

Nebuchadnezzar's lavish building program used gold extensively at his capital city. Herodotus was amazed at the lavish use of gold within the sanctuary of Bel-Marduk. Aeschylus wrote of Babylon as "teeming with gold." Babylon was known as "the golden city."

Lion with eagle wings = The lion is the king of the beasts.

The eagle is the king of birds. Babylon was head of the empires. Lions were symbols of Babylon's deities, Marduk and Ishtar. Lion-eagle creatures were common representations of their deity Bel. The lion is represented on cylinder seals and game boards. A series of weights of the king's standards were in the form of lions. A lion statue guarded the entrance of the sanctuary and a lion stele sat beside the throne. Lions were stamped on the clay bricks for Nebuchadnezzar's buildings. The Lion was frequently represented in the glazed and colored brick walls of temples and palaces. Sixty lion statues lined the Processional Way leading through the famous Ishtar Gate in the capital city, Babylon.

Wings = Rapidity with which Babylon conquered.

Chest/Arms - Bear = Medo-Persia

Dan. 2:32 "...his breast and his arms of silver..."

Dan. 2:39 "And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee..."

Dan. 7:5 "And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh."


The Persian kings exacted tribute from their subject states in silver talents. Persians were known more for their wealth than magnificence. The Persian king was "far richer than they all."


The Persian empire is represented by a bear to depict its cruelty and greediness after blood. The unwieldy, clumsy movements of the bear demonstrate the manner in which Medo-Persia made its conquests. Nothing of the agility of the winged lion is seen. A bear crushes and claws its prey. The Persian power crushed masses of 2 million men to wholesale slaughter.

Raised itself on one side = Persians stronger than Medes.

Belly/Thighs - Leopard = Greece

Dan. 2:32 "...his belly and his thighs of brass..."

Dan. 2:39 "...and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth."

Dan. 7:6 "After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl. The beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it."


Alexander the Great's army was "clad in bronze" [Josephus]. Greek armor contrasted with Persian hats, tunics and trousers. Ezekiel refers to Javan's [Greece] "vessels of brass." Greeks were noted for their bronze armor.


Fierce and cruel. Noted for insidious and watchful lying in wait, and its sudden pouncing on prey.

Four Wings

Exceedingly agile and quick in its movements. Alexander the Great was impetuous and fierce in his warring expeditions, as a leopard or panther after its prey. He began his conquests at the age of twenty years . In twelve years the whole world bowed under his sceptre.

Four Heads

Alexander's kingdom was divided by his four generals - Seleucus, Philopater, Antiochus Epiphanes and Ptolemaus Philomater.

Legs/Feet - Beast = Rome

Dan. 2:33 "His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay."

Dan. 2:40 "And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron. Forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things. And as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise."

Dan. 7:7 "After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly. And it had great iron teeth. It devoured and brake in pieces and stamped the residue with the feet of it. And it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it. And it had ten horns."

Iron = Strength

The Roman Empire was by far the strongest and endured longer than its predecessors. In fact, it still continues in the nations of Europe. The distinctive Roman weapon was the iron-headed javelin.

The ten toes of the image represent the ten divisions of the Roman Empire, though they have varied over the centuries. France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, England, Spain, Portugal, Lombardy, Romania, and Ravenna.

Iron mixed with miry clay = Religious [clay - the weaker] and civil [iron] powers mixed.

Stone = Kingdom

Dan. 2:34-35 "Thou Sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors. And the wind carried them away that no place was found for them. And the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth."

Dan. 2:44 "And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed. And the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever."

Dan. 7:11,12 "...I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed and given to the burning flame. As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away. Yet their lives were prolonged for a season and a time."

The stone, God's kingdom under Christ, smites the image on the feet, breaks it into pieces, and the winds blow it away. The stone grows until it fills the whole earth, God's kingdom established forever on earth.

Calculation: 606 B.C. + 2520 = 1914 A.D.

Luke 21:24 "Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the TIMES of the GENTILES be fulfilled."

How long were the "TIMES" of the Gentiles?

Seven Times Calculation

In Lev. 26:17,18,24,28, the Lord warned Israel they would be punished "seven times." "And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins."

In the Bible a "time" is used as a "year." A symbolic year as used in prophecy is reckoned on the basis of a lunar year - twelve months of thirty days each, or 360 days, each day representing a year. Therefore, a "time" or year, if symbolic, signifies 360 symbolic days, and "seven times" represent 2520.

7 x 360 = 2520 Symbolic Days or 2520 Literal Years. 

If the first year of the reign of Cyrus is 536 B.C. when the Jews were allowed to leave Babylon and return to Jerusalem, then 70 years previous [70 years desolation of the land] would place the overthrow of Zedekiah at 606 B.C.

606 B.C. + 2520 literal years = 1914 A.D.


Daniel states that God's Kingdom would be set up, not after the kingdoms of earth are dissolved, but in their days, while they still exist and have power. It is God's Kingdom which shall break them in pieces and consume them. 1914 ended the Times of the Gentiles and was marked by World War I. The eviction process began on time, under the control of Christ, who received the crown, the divine right to rule "Till he come whose right it is." Ezek. 21:25-27

Historians agree that 1914 ended an era never seen since. Similar quotations can be found in any public library under "World War I."

Atlas of the 20th Century, Time Books, London, 1996, p. 16 "The End of the Old World Order."

"The world in 1900 was poised on the threshold of one of the most remarkable periods of change in human history. An old order was giving way to a new. Under the impact of industrialization and the rise of mass politics, the established monarchical order, whose dynasties stretched back for centuries, began to crumble. The coming of mass urbanization and new technologies in the 19th century in Europe and the United States transformed societies traditionally based on landed power and peasant farming. In 1900 most of the world was still ruled by old empires Manchu China, Ottoman Turkey, Romanov Russia, Habsburg Austria. In 1900 most of the world's population still earned its living from primitive farming. But change was irresistible and worldwide. The dominant theme of the 19th century was emancipation from royal autocracy, from imperial oppression, from poverty and ignorance, above all from political exclusion. The demands for national independence, democracy and a better way of life, with their roots in America and western Europe, worked like a strong acid on the old structures of power and wealth. As they dissolved, the world entered upon an era of exceptional turbulence and violence."

The Historical Atlas of World War I, by Anthony Livesey, Henry Holt & Company, New York, 1995, p. 181-184:

"Europe had lived through a nightmare of grotesque horror, lifted only with the sudden and almost miraculous German collapse in the autumn of 1918... Faith in idols was shattered for ever; men no longer worshiped their leaders as heroes... The national losses, both in life, shipping industrial output, were such as to mark a watershed in warfare.... "

Events That Changed the World in the Twentieth Century, by Frank W. Thackeray & John E. Findling, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, 1995, p. 17 [World War I, 1914-1918, Interpretive Essay by Marilyn Shevin-Coetzee and Frans Coetzee]:

"...World War I was a watershed in history... After 1918 ideologies extolling the group and collective action, such as fascism and communism, and urging physical violence as a liberating experience, proved more attractive... Indeed it is difficult to imagine the success of either the Russian Revolution or the Nazi seizure of power without the groundwork laid by the war itself. Moreover, U.S. military involvement in the conflict...ensured that, despite strong isolationist sentiment, the United States was now tied to European affairs. Therefore, the principal trends of twentieth-century European history are all tied to the experience of the first total war."

The First World War, An Eyewitness History, by Joe H. Kirchberger, Facts On File, New York, 1992, p. vi:

"The First World War (1914 to 1918), at the time usually called The Great War, shook Europe at its very foundations and reshaped the rest of the world considerably. It has been said that the 20th century...actually began in the last days of July 1914..."

A War Imagined, Samuel Hynes, Atheneum, New York, 1991, p. xi:

"The best-known and most often quoted response to the beginning of the First World War is surely Sir Edward Grey's: 'The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our time.'... The nature of what had ended was variously defined... the deaths of Socialism, Christianity, avant-garde ideas, and tradition were all announced and mourned for. What the mourners felt in common was simply that something of great value, something vaster even than the peace of Europe, had come to an end on August 4, 1914."

The World in Arms, Time Frame AD 1900-1925, Editors of Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, 1989, p. 1:

"Eclipse of the Old Order. As the world entered the twentieth century, it carried with it a host of dynasties who regarded their right to govern as a divine dispensation.... The greatest change was to come with the Great War...August 1914... By 1919, following the carnage of four years of warfare, the Hapsburgs of Austria-Hungary, Germany's Hohenzollerns, and Russia's Romanovs dynasties that had shaped the destiny of Europe for centuries had been dethroned. The survivors among the patriotic masses who had marched so obediently into battle now emerged to reshape the world."

The Marshall Cavendish Illustrated Encyclopedia of World War I, Editor-in-Chief Brigadier Peter Young, Marshall Cavendish, New York, 1985, Forward:

"World War I began with a minor assassination in the remote corner of a now forgotten European empire. Yet it was to become the first truly global war, embroiling nearly 30 countries across 5 continents.... Military convention had changed little since the days of Wellington and Napoleon. World War I changed all that.... Almost overnight, several empires that had taken centuries to build either disintegrated or were shaken to their foundations. An obscure workers' movement bubbled up in the cauldron of war as revolution swept through Russia, abruptly ending 300 years of Tsarist rule and bringing Communism in its wake... In the chaos that resulted, the evil spark of National Socialism flickered and grew brighter..."

World History Fact Finder, Colin McEvedy, MacMillan, New York, 1984, p. 168:

"Most people think of the 20th century as starting in 1900... But the real date is 1914. At the beginning of that year, Europe was still a 19th century society, respectful of elders and betters, ordered by birth and occupation, ruled over by Kaisers and Tsars... The break between the world of the first industrial societies and the world of today comes in that summer of 1914 when the armies began their march to the Marne."

Frank Peters, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, January 27, 1980:

"Civilization entered on a cruel and perhaps terminal illness in 1914."

The Economist, London, August 4, 1979:

"In 1914 the world lost a coherence which it has not managed to recapture since... This has been a time of extraordinary disorder and violence, both across national frontiers and within them."

The First World War, 1914-1918, by Gerd Hardach, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1978, p. 1:

"Economic historians often bypass the period from 1914 to 1918 ... for one of the central themes of this period is the destruction of an international economy often nostalgically referred to as 'the good old days': "What an extraordinary episode in the progress of man that age was which came to an end in August 1914..."

Dr. Walker Percy, American Medical News, November 21, 1977:

"The whole world really blew up about World War I and we still don't know why... Utopia was in sight. There was peace and prosperity. Then everything blew up. We've been in a state of suspended animation ever since."

An Album of World War I, by Dorothy and Thomas Hoobler, Franklin Watts, New York, 1976:

"In 1914 the countries of Europe were the wealthiest and most powerful the world had ever known... By 1918 Europe was devastated.... Governments had fallen; the map of Europe had changed forever....

"World War I was the most expensive war fought up to that time. In lives, the cost was about 8-1/2 million soldiers dead and about 20 million wounded...The cost of the war in dollars cannot be measured. Before the war, the countries of Europe were 'creditor nations' other countries owed them money. After 1918 they were 'debtor nations' they owed money to other countries..."

Konrad Adenauer, Former U.N. General Secretary, 1965:

"Thoughts and pictures come to my mind, ... thoughts from before the year 1914 when there was real peace, quiet and security on this earth a time when we didn't know fear ... Security and quiet have disappeared from the lives of men since 1914."

Illustrated History of The First World War, by A.J.P. Taylor, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1964, p. 9:

"The First World War cut deep into the consciousness of modern man. It reshaped the political order in Europe. Its memorials stand in every town and village. Half a century afterwards the experiences of it are not stilled..."

Edmond Taylor quoting Arnold Toynbee, The Fall of Dynasties, New York: Doubleday, 1963, p. 16:

"Looking back from the vantage point of the present, we see that the outbreak of World War I ushered in a twentieth-century 'Time of Troubles' ... from which our civilization has by no means yet emerged. Directly or indirectly, all the convulsions of the last half century stem back to 1914: the two World Wars, the Bolshevik Revolution, the rise and fall of Hitler, the continuing turmoil in the Far and Near East, the power struggle between the Communist world and our own. More than 23,000,000 deaths can be traced to one or the other of these upheavals."

The Great Ideas Today, Britannica Great Books, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1963, pp. 107, 108:

"A world mesmerized by science and progress mocked the mysticism of religious sects which had long predicted that the world would end in the year 1914; fifty years later, the world isn't so sure that it didn't end in 1914."

Barbara Tuchman, The Proud Tower, A Portrait of the World Before the War 1890-1914, MacMillan Publishing Company, New York, 1962, p. xiii:

"The Great War of 1914-18 lies like a band of scorched earth dividing that time from ours. In wiping out so many lives which would have been operative on the years that followed, in destroying beliefs, changing ideas, and leaving incurable wounds of disillusion, it created a physical as well as psychological gulf between two epochs...."

Chronicle of the First World War, Volume 1: 1914-1916, by Randal Gray, Facts On File, New York, 1960, p. 9:

"The Great War was the apocalyptic climax of the Age of European (& American) Imperialism. But what had begun as a relatively straightforward struggle for territorial and economic gain, and ... for revenge on perennial neighboring foes, inexorably developed into what the German strategist Ludendorff called...'Total War.'

"Three dynastic might empires Germany, Austria and Russia were swept into the dustbin of history. And a far-flung but decrepit oriental despotism Ottoman Turkey also fell..."Out of the European melting-pot there soon emerged Communist Russia, a restored independent Poland, the new states of Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, and later Fascist Italy followed by Nazi Germany."

Rowse, Oxford Historian and Biographer, June 28, 1959:

"If ever there was a year that marked the end of an era and the beginning of another, it was 1914. That year brought to an end the old world with its sense of security and began a modern age whose chief characteristic is insecurity on a daily basis."

Editorial, The Seattle Times, January 1, 1959:

"The modern era ... began in 1914, and no one knows when or how it will end... It could end in mass annihilation."

James Cameron, 1914, published in 1959:

"In 1914 the world, as it was known and accepted then, came to an end."

Bertrand Russell, New York Times Magazine, September 27, 1953:

"Ever since 1914, everybody conscious of trends in the world has been deeply troubled by what has seemed like a fated and pre-determined march toward ever greater disaster. Many serious people have come to feel that nothing can be done to avert the plunge towards ruin. They see the human race, like the hero of a Greek tragedy, driven on by angry gods and no longer the master of fate."

Rene Albrecht-Carrie, The Scientific Monthly, July 1951:

"It is indeed the year 1914 rather than that of Hiroshima which marks the turning point in our time."

Zbigniew Brzezinski, Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the 21st Century, [New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993] p. 5:

"Contrary to its promise, the twentieth century became mankind's most bloody and hateful century of hallucinatory politics and of monstrous killings. Cruelty was institutionalized to an unprecedented degree, lethality was organized on a mass production basis. The contrast between the scientific potential for good and the political evil that was actually unleashed is shocking. Never before in history was killing so globally pervasive, never before did it consume so many lives, never before was human annihilation pursued with such concentration of sustained effort on behalf of such arrogantly irrational goals." 

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  "The Times of the Gentiles."
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